Focke-Wulf  Fw 56 Stösser
Type
V1 - V3, Single seat advanced trainer
A-0 Single seat advanced trainer
A-1 Single seat advanced trainer
A-2 Single seat aerobatic trainer
Engine
1 Argus As 10C-1
1 Argus As 10C-1
1 Argus As 10C-3 with a fixed-pitch
Heine wooden 2-bladed prop
1 Argus As 10E
Dimensions
Length 7.65 m, span 10.55 m, height 2.55 m, wingarea 14 m2
Weights
   
Empty 755 kg, crew 80 kg, fuel and oil
84 kg ( 100 l fuel + 12 l oil, possible to
bring 1 75 l extra tank), flying weight
985 kg
 
Performance
   
Max. speed at sea level 268 km/h, at
1000 m 265 km/h, at 2000 m 261
km/h, at 3000 m 256 km/h, at 4000 m
248 km/h, at 5000 m 236 km/h, at
6000 m 219 km/h, climb to 1000 m 2
min 12 sec, to 2000 m 4 min 42 sec,
to 3000 m 7 min 48 sec, to 4000 m 11
min 42 sec, to 5000 m 17 min 54 sec,
to 6000 m 25 min 12 sec, cruising
speed at sea level 245 km/h, landing
speed 90 km/h, range 385 km,
service ceiling 6200 m, required
startlength 168 m
 
The Focke-Wulf Fw 56 Stösser (Falcon) was an advanced training aircraft that was used at German fighter pilot schools throughout the Second World War.
The Fw 56 was designed during 1933 in response to an Air Ministry requirement for an advanced trainer. It was a parasol wing monoplane with a fixed undercarriage, and built around a steel-tube fuselage with metal and fabric covering.
The first prototype made its maiden flight in November 1933. It had a wing built with a wooden structure and covered with plywood and fabric. Tests revealed problems with the undercarriage, and so the landing gear was replaced on V2, the second prototype. This also had an all-metal wing. V3 followed in February 1934, with the original wooden wing and a modified undercarriage. The prototypes were followed by three A-0 series pre-production series, two armed with two 7.92mm machine guns and three 22lb practices bombs while the third carried a single gun.
In the summer of 1935 the Fw 56 competed against the Arado Ar 76 and Heinkel He 74 to win a production contract as a home defence fighter and advanced trainer. The Fw 56 won the competition, and was ordered into production in the advanced trainer role.
During 1935 the Fw 56 was also used by Ernst Udet to test out dive bombing. It was a sturdy aircraft with clean lines that gave it a high diving speed and allowed it to survive the pull-out. Udet had seen a demonstration of dive bombing by a Curtiss Helldiver in the United States, and carried out the 1935 tests with the Fw 56 in person. In the next year, as head of the RLM's technical department, Udet was able to put his support for the dive-bomber into practice.
Between 1934 and 1940 around 1,000 Fw 56A-1a were produced, able to carry one or two 7.9mm machine guns. The aircraft was used at the Luftwaffe's fighter-pilot training schools through the Second World War, as well as serving in the Austrian and Hungarian Air Forces and for experiments in towing gliders and to help develop the idea of the 'piggy back' mistal concept, acting as the upper part of a Fw 56/ DFS 230 combination.
Fw 56 V1
Fw 56 V1
Fw 56 V2
Fw 56A-01 = V4
Fw 56A-03
Fw 56 D-ILAE and D-IGYU at Werneuchen
Kurt Tank with his Stösser
Modified exhaust outlets
The first design of exhaust outlets