Amiot 351/354
Type 4/5 seat bomber
Engine 2 Gnome-Rhône 14N48/49, Ratier 1634/1635 propellers dia 3,30 m
Dimensions Length 14,50 m, height 4,08 m, span 22,83 m, wing area 67,5 m2
Weights Empty 4735 kg, flying weight 11324 kg, fuel max. 2750 l (6 protected tanks 2 x 505 l + 2 x 655 l + 2 x 215 l ), oil 330 l in two tanks
Performance Max. speed 480 km/h at 4000 m, cruising speed 349 km/h, range 3502 km, service ceiling 10000 m, climb to 4000 m 8,7 min.
Armament 3 7,5 mm MAC 1934 or 2 7,5 mm MAC 1934 + 1 20 mm cannon. Bombs 1200 kg
Type Werk.Nr Registration History
351 5   Delivered 8th December 1939. CEAM. Used for testing with Merlin II engines. Modified military transport. Captured 1942
  9   Delivered 6th February 1940. CEAM, Cazaux. Stored at Toulouse. Captured 1942
  10   Delivered 3rd February 1940. CIB, Toulouse. Aulnat converted into 356. Capturde 1942
  11   Delivered 6th February 1940. CIB, Toulouse. Aulnat, transport for the manager . Damaged 2nd October 1942. Not repaired. Captured
  14   Delivered 24th April 1940 Cazaux Armt. Aulnat , rebuilt to 356. Captured 1942
  15   Delivered 26th Februry 1940. CIB Toulouse. Stored at Istrés. Captured 1942
  17   Delivered 26/2 1940. CIB Toulouse. Stored at Toulouse. Captured 1942
  26   Delivered 25/4 1940. Essais, I/21. Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  31   Delivered 1/4 1940. To I/34, II/34, I/34.Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  36   Delivered 12/4 1940. I/21. Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  37   Delivered 12/4 1940. I/21, Argenteul. Captured
  41   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  42   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  43   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  44   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  45   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  46   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  47   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  48   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  49   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  50   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  51   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  52   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  53   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  54   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  55   At SNCA du Centre, captured at factory 1940
  56   Delivered 20/6 1940. CEMA, II/34. Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  57   Delivered 28/5 1940. II/21.  Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  59   Delivered 24/5 1940. II/21, Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  62   Delivered 25/5 1940. II/21, Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  63   Delivered 23/5 1940. II/21, Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  65   Delivered 23/5 1940. I/21, Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  66   Delivered 27/5 1940. I/21, Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  67   Delivered 23/5 1940. II/34, Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  70   Delivered 29/5 1940. II/34, I/34. Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  71   Delivered 29/5 1940. II/21. Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  73   Delivered 31/5 1940. II/21, I/21. Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  74   Delivered 4/6 1940. II/34, . Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
Amiot 354 75 F-BAGS Delivered 7/6 1940.  I/21.  Air France .Rebuilt Amiot 351 Captured 1942
  76   Delivered 7/6 1940.  I/21, . Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  77   Delivered 8/6 1940.  II/21, . Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
Amiot 354 79 F-BAGT Delivered 20/6 1940.  II/34, .Air France.. .Rebuilt Amiot 351. Captured 1942
  81   Delivered 20/6 1940.  II/34, . Stored at Istres. Captured 1942
  82   Captured at Le Bourget undergoing repair 1940
  83   Installation of armament . Captured at Le Bourget 3/6 1940
  84   Installation of armament . Captured at Le Bourget 3/6 1940
  85   Installation of armament . Captured at Le Bourget 3/6 1940
  86   Captured at Le Bourget 3/6 1940
353-001   F-BABP Delivered 25/7 1940. II/34. Air France. Captured  1942
355-001     Delivered 11/6 1940. To Pau. Stored at Aulnat.  Captured  1942
357-001     Not finished. Captured at Le Bourget 1940
CEAM : Centre d'Expérimentations Aériennes Militaires,
CIB : Centre d'Instruction du Bombardement.
When, in response to the Allied landings in North Africa, Germany invaded the southern zone, many aircraft were seized.. Germany and Italy divided the seized aircraft depending on where they were found: those found east of the Rhone for Italians, the other for Germany. As for civilian aircraft, Lufthansa, in great difficulties, saw the opportunity to renew its fleet with Air France aircraft available. Among them were two Amiot 354, Amiot 356 No. 01 (F-BAGP) and Amiot 370 No. 01 (F-AREU). After being investigated, Lufthansa chose not to take these aircraft
The Amiot were still part of the aircraft assigned to Air France on 10 March 1943. But in the summer of 1943, some of these aircraft were seized by the German authorities, with the exception of the Amiot 370 who remained in Toulouse. According to sources, a Amiot 351 was captured. This is probably a confusion with the two former Amiot 351 rebuilt as Amiot 354 who were actually seized. One of them was used  by Luftflotte 3 and the other probably used by the KG 200.  Most of the captured Amiots were probably used as decoys.
The Amiot 350 series originated in the same 1934 requirement as a rival to the Lioré et Olivier LeO 451. Derived from the Amiot 341 mail plane, the Amiot 340 prototype was involved in a propaganda misinformation flight to Berlin in August 1938 to convince the Germans that the French employed modern bombers. Though 130 machines were ordered by the French government that year, production delays and ordered modifications ensured that September 1939 saw no delivered aircraft. Eventually, the ordered number of this very modern aircraft reached 830, though ultimately only 80 machines were received by the Air Ministry. The main variant was the twin-tailed 351; however, due to various delays, the single-tailed 354 was accepted into service as an interim type.
The Amiot 351 was planned to mount one 7.5 mm (.295 in) MAC 1934 machine gun in nose and ventral positions and one 20 mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannon in the dorsal position. Due to technical problems with the armament installation, many aircraft went to operational units with only a light machine gun in the dorsal position.
In May 1940, the Amiot 351/354 was in the process of equipping just two bomber groupes: GB 1/21 and GB II/21 based at Avignon. Though 200 were in the final stages of construction, only 35 were ready for flight. This situation was exacerbated by the Amiot 351/354 being built in three factories, two of which were later bombed by the Germans. On 16 May 1940, the Amiot 351/354's carried out armed reconnaissance sorties over Maastricht in the Netherlands - the first operation conducted by planes of this type.
By June, the Amiot 351/354 was also delivered for GB I/34 and GB II/34, neither flying them in combat. At that time, all Amiot 351/354s were based on the northern front. Three had been lost in combat, ten in training accidents. All aircraft were ordered to evacuate to Africa on 17 June, 37 surviving the trip. As their numbers were too few to engage the Italians, the aircraft were sent back to Metropolitan France and their groupes disbanded in August 1940.
Five Amiot 351/354s continued to be used as mail planes after the Battle of France. Four Amiot 351/354s were commandeered by the Luftwaffe as transports, two found service in the 1./KG200 special service geschwader.
Engines taken from these aircraft were later used on Messerschmitt Me 323 cargo transports.